Vascular Disease: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment (2023)


Vascular Disease: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment (1)

What is vascular disease?

Vascular disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system, or system of blood vessels. This ranges from diseases of your arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation.

Blood vessels are elastic-like tubes that carry blood to every part of your body. Blood vessels include:

  • Arteries that carry blood away from your heart.
  • Veins that return blood back to your heart.
  • Capillaries, your tiniest blood vessels, which link your small veins and arteries, deliver oxygen and nutrients to your tissues and take away their waste.

Types of Vascular Disease

Some vascular diseases affect your arteries, while others occur in your veins. They can also happen only in specific parts of your body.

Peripheral artery disease

Like the blood vessels of your heart (coronary arteries), your peripheral arteries (blood vessels outside your heart) also may develop atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque (fat and cholesterol deposits), inside them. Over time, the buildup narrows the artery. Eventually, the narrowed artery causes less blood to flow, which may lead to ischemia, or inadequate blood flow to your body's tissue. Types of peripheral arterial disease include:

  • Peripheral artery disease: A blockage in your legs. Total loss of circulation can lead to gangrene and loss of a limb.
  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome: A blockage in the blood vessels leading to your gastrointestinal system.
  • Renal artery disease: A blockage in your renal arteries can cause renal artery disease and kidney failure.
  • Popliteal Entrapment Syndrome: A rare vascular disease that affects the legs of some young athletes. The muscle and tendons near the knee compress the popliteal artery, restricting blood flow to the lower leg and possibly damaging the artery.
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon: Consists of spasms of the small arteries of your fingers, and sometimes toes, from exposure to cold or stress.
  • Buerger's Disease: Most commonly affects the small and medium-sized arteries, veins and nerves. Although the cause is unknown, there is a strong association with tobacco use or exposure. The arteries of your arms and legs become narrowed or blocked, causing lack of blood supply (ischemia) to your fingers, hands, toes and feet. With severe blockages, the tissue may die (gangrene), making it necessary to amputate affected fingers and toes. Superficial vein inflammation and symptoms of Raynaud's can occur as well.

Carotid artery issues

These happen in the two main carotid arteries in your neck.

  • Carotid artery disease: A blockage or narrowing in the arteries supplying your brain. This can lead to a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke.
  • Carotid artery dissection: Begins as a tear in one layer of your artery wall. Blood leaks through this tear and spreads between the wall layers.
  • Carotid body tumors: Growths within the nervous tissue around your carotid artery.
  • Carotid artery aneurysm: A bulge in your artery wall that weakens the wall and may cause a rupture.

Venous disease

Veins are flexible, hollow tubes with flaps inside, called valves. When your muscles contract, these one-way valves open, and blood moves through your veins. When your muscles relax, the valves close, keeping blood flowing in one direction through your veins.

If the valves inside your veins become damaged, the valves may not close completely. This allows blood to flow in both directions. When your muscles relax, the valves inside the damaged vein(s) will not be able to hold the blood. This can cause pooling of blood or swelling in your veins. The veins bulge and look like ropes under the skin. The blood begins to move more slowly through your veins and may stick to the sides of your vessel walls. Symptoms include heaviness, aching, swelling, throbbing or itching. Blood clots can form.

(Video) Peripheral vascular disease, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

  • Varicose veins: Bulging, swollen, purple, ropy veins, seen just under your skin. Damaged valves within the veins cause this.
  • Spider veins: Small red or purple bursts on your knees, calves, or thighs. Swollen capillaries (small blood vessels) cause this.
  • Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS): A rare congenital (present at birth) vascular disorder.
  • May-Thurner syndrome (MTS): Your right iliac artery compresses your left iliac vein, which increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in your left extremity.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS): A group of disorders that happen with compression, injury or irritation of the nerves and/or blood vessels (arteries and veins) in your lower neck, armpit and upper chest area.
  • Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): A condition that happens when the venous wall and/or valves in your leg veins are not working effectively, making it difficult for blood to return to your heart from your legs.

Blood clots

A clot forms when clotting factors in your blood make it coagulate or become a solid, jelly-like mass. When a blood clot forms inside a blood vessel (a thrombus), it can come loose and travel through your bloodstream, causing a deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, heart attack or stroke.

Blood clots in your arteries can increase the risk for stroke, heart attack, severe leg pain, difficulty walking or even the loss of a limb.

  • Hypercoagulable states or blood clotting disorders: Conditions that put people at increased risk for developing blood clots because they make blood more likely to form blood clots (hypercoagulable) in the arteries and veins. You can inherit these conditions (congenital, occurring at birth) or acquire them. These disorders include high levels of factors in your blood that cause blood to clot (fibrinogen, factor 8, prothrombin) or not enough natural anticoagulant (blood-thinning) proteins (antithrombin, protein C, protein S). The most aggressive disorders include circulating antiphospholipid antibodies, which can cause clots in both arteries and veins.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot occurring in a deep vein.
  • Pulmonary embolism: A blood clot that breaks loose from a vein and travels to your lungs.
  • Axillo-subclavian vein thrombosis, also called Paget-Schroetter Syndrome: Most common vascular condition to affect young, competitive athletes. The condition develops when your collarbone (clavicle), first rib or the surrounding muscle compresses a vein in your armpit (axilla) or in front of your shoulder (the subclavian vein). This increases your risk of blood clots.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: A blood clot in a vein just under your skin.

Aortic aneurysm

An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in a blood vessel wall. Aneurysms can form in any blood vessel, but they occur most commonly in the aorta (aortic aneurysm) which is the main blood vessel leaving the heart:

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD): A rare medical condition in which people have abnormal cellular growth in the walls of their medium and large arteries. This can cause the arteries with abnormal growth to look beaded and become narrow. This can cause issues with the arteries, including aneurysms and dissection.


The lymphatic system includes an extensive network of lymph vessels and lymph nodes that helps coordinate your immune system's function to protect your body from foreign substances. Lymphedema, an abnormal buildup of fluid, develops when lymph vessels or lymph nodes are missing, impaired, damaged or removed.

  • Primary lymphedema (rare): Some people are born without certain lymph vessels or have abnormalities in them.
  • Secondary lymphedema: Happens as a result of a blockage or interruption that alters the lymphatic system. Causes of this include: infection, malignancy, surgery, scar tissue formation, trauma, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), radiation or other cancer treatment.


Your blood vessels can get inflamed because of a medicine, an infection or an unknown cause. This can make it hard for blood to travel through your blood vessels. This is sometimes associated with rheumatological conditions or connective tissue disease. Vasculitis can also cause an aneurysm.

Who does vasculopathy affect?

Some people are born with vascular diseases they inherit from their parents. In these cases, such as blood clotting disorders, they start dealing with this issue at a younger age. However, many vascular diseases develop over time because of an accumulation of plaque (fat and cholesterol) in the arteries, such as peripheral artery disease or carotid artery disease. Atherosclerosis, the hardening of the arteries, can start when you’re a teen and cause problems in middle age or later.

How common is vascular disease?

Vascular diseases are very common in America, partly because so many people weigh too much and have diabetes. The most common vascular diseases include peripheral artery disease (PAD) and carotid artery disease.

(Video) Peripheral artery disease: Pathophysiology, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments, Animation

Symptoms and Causes

What are the vascular disease symptoms?

Symptoms vary depending on the type of vascular disease.

Peripheral artery disease symptoms

  • Peripheral artery disease: Leg pain or cramps with activity but improve with rest; changes in skin color; sores or ulcers and tired legs.
  • Intestinal ischemic (or mesenteric ischemia) syndrome: Severe stomach pain, nausea, throwing up, diarrhea, food fear and weight loss.
  • Renal artery disease: Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure), congestive heart failure and abnormal kidney function.
  • Popliteal entrapment syndrome: Leg and foot cramps, numbness, tingling, discoloration.
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: Fingers and toes that look red, blue or white, throbbing, tingling, redness.
  • Buerger’s disease: Pain in your arms, hands, legs and feet, even at rest. Blue or pale fingers or toes.

Symptoms of carotid artery issues

  • Carotid artery disease: Usually no symptoms until having a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA or mini-stroke). Symptoms of these include trouble with vision or speech, confusion and difficulty with memory.
  • Carotid artery dissection: Headache, neck pain and eye or facial pain.
  • Carotid body tumors: Palpitations, high blood pressure, sweating and headaches.
  • Carotid artery aneurysm: Stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA or mini-stroke).

Venous disease symptoms

  • Varicose veins and spider veins: Swelling, pain, blue or red veins visible on legs.
  • Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS): Pain or heaviness in your leg or arm.
  • May-Thurner syndrome (MTS): Swelling, tenderness, pain in your leg, red or discolored skin.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS): Neck, arm and shoulder pain, tingling and numbness in your arm or hand.
  • Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): Leg cramps, heavy or achy legs, swelling or pain in your legs.

Blood clots

  • Blood clotting disorders: Deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): Pain, swelling, warmth in your leg, red skin.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Coughing up blood, chest pain, shortness of breath.
  • Axillo-subclavian vein thrombosis: Swelling, heaviness or pain in your arm or hand, skin that looks blue.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation, pain, warmth around your vein, red skin.

Aortic aneurysm symptoms

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm: Chest pain, fast heart rate, trouble swallowing, swollen neck.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Abdominal or back pain, dizziness, nausea and throwing up, fast heart rate (if the aneurysm ruptures).

Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) symptoms

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD): Neck pain, vision changes, high blood pressure, dizziness, hearing a “whooshing sensation” or hearing your heartbeat in your ears.

Lymphedema symptoms

Swelling, most often in your arms or legs.

Vasculitis symptoms

Not feeling well, fever, swelling.

What causes vascular disease?

For some vascular problems, the cause isn’t known. Vascular disease causes include:

  • High cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Smoking or using tobacco products.
  • Diabetes.
  • Genes you get from your parents.
  • Medicines.
  • Injury.
  • Infection.
  • Blood clots.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is vascular disease diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will want to do a physical exam and get your medical history, as well as a history of which diseases are in your family. It helps your healthcare provider look for vascular disease when you take your shoes and socks off before they examine you.

(Video) Peripheral Vascular Disease

Depending on the type of vascular disease your provider suspects, they may do blood tests and imaging.

What tests will be done to diagnose vasculopathy?

Many vascular diseases involve clots or blockages in blood vessels. To diagnose these, your healthcare provider needs to be able to see inside your blood vessels using imaging methods that include:

  • Vascular ultrasound.
  • Catheter angiography.
  • CT angiography.
  • MR angiography.

Management and Treatment

How is vascular disease treated?

Eating healthier and exercising more can help with many vascular diseases. For others, you may need to take medicine or have a surgical procedure. Vascular disease treatments vary depending on the condition.

Peripheral artery disease treatment

  • Peripheral artery disease: Diet, exercise, medicine, surgery.
  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome: Pain medicine, clot-busting drugs, surgical removal of blood clot. Angioplasty, stenting or bypass surgery for chronic cases.
  • Renal artery disease: Low-salt, heart-healthy diet. High blood pressure medicine, statins.
  • Popliteal entrapment syndrome: Surgery to release the popliteal artery.
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: Keep hands and feet warm. Take medicine that helps blood vessels stay open (dilated).
  • Buerger’s disease: Quit tobacco products. Warm up fingers and toes. Take medicine (vasodilators) to open blood vessels.

Treatment of carotid artery issues

  • Carotid artery disease: Healthier diet. Blood thinners and cholesterol-lowering medicine. Plaque removal (carotid endarterectomy). Angioplasty and stenting to keep the artery open.
  • Carotid artery dissection: Antiplatelets, anticoagulants, stenting.
  • Carotid body tumors: Surgical removal of the tumor.
  • Carotid artery aneurysm: Antihypertensives, cholesterol-lowering medicine, clot-busting medicine. Bypass or stent-graft surgery.

Venous disease treatment

  • Varicose veins and spider veins: Removal using heat, saltwater or laser therapy.
  • Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS): Same treatment as varicose veins.
  • May-Thurner syndrome (MTS): Same as for deep vein thrombosis.
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS): Physical therapy, medicine.
  • Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI): Move legs frequently and wear compression stockings. Vein treatment with saltwater, laser or removal through an incision.

Blood clot treatment

  • Blood clotting disorders: Same as for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): Elevate your legs. Take blood thinners and medicines for pain.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blood thinners and thrombolytics. Procedure to remove the clot.
  • Axillo-subclavian vein thrombosis: Thrombolytics, blood thinners. Removal of the clot.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Raise your affected limb above your heart. Use a warm compress. Put on support stockings. Have the vein surgically removed.

Aortic aneurysm treatment

  • Thoracic aortic aneurysm: Surgery to put in a fabric graft or a stent. This can be a major surgery depending on the location and surgical method.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Surgery to put in a graft. An endovascular repair is less invasive.

Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD)

  • Blood thinners, medicine for pain.
  • Angioplasty. Surgery to prevent an artery rupture.


  • Let your arm rest above your heart level while you lie down for 45 minutes twice daily.
  • Wear a compression sleeve.
  • Use your affected limb for daily tasks.
  • Visit a specialized lymphedema clinic if your healthcare provider recommends it.


  • Your provider may prescribe medications like steroids.

Complications/side effects of the treatment

Any medicine can have side effects, but the benefits of medicines usually make them worth taking. Side effects often go away. If they don’t, you can ask your healthcare provider to switch you to a different drug.

When considering a procedure or surgery, talk to your provider about the risks and benefits. What’s right for your neighbor may not be the right treatment for you.


How can I reduce my risk of vascular disease?

You can’t do anything about your age, family history or genetics, but you can:

(Video) Peripheral Vascular Disease: What You Need to Know

  • Manage your diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthier foods.
  • Move around once an hour if you have to sit or stand for hours.
  • Stay at a healthy weight.
  • Reduce your stress level.
  • Avoid tobacco products.

Outlook / Prognosis

What can I expect if I have vasculopathy?

Vascular disease can be a lifelong problem. Once your healthcare provider knows you have plaque accumulations in your blood vessels, they’ll want you to make some changes to how you live. These changes, such as exercising, not using tobacco products and choosing healthier foods, are things you’ll need to keep doing for years to come. You may also need to take medicines to decrease your risk of a heart attack or stroke.

Outlook for this condition

The outlook for many vascular conditions is good if your healthcare provider catches the problem early. Many vascular issues get harder to treat as they get worse. Some vascular conditions, such as carotid artery dissection, abdominal aortic aneurysm and pulmonary embolism, can be life-threatening.

Living With

How do I take care of myself?

In addition to the things mentioned above, you’ll also want to keep taking medicines your healthcare provider prescribes and keep going to your regular checkups.

When should I see my healthcare provider?

Contact your provider if anything changes with your vascular issue or if you have a problem with the medication they prescribed.

When should I go to the ER?

Call 911 if you have:

  • Confusion or dizziness.
  • Slurred speech.
  • A droop on one side of your face.
  • Severe chest pain.
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Weakness in an arm or leg.

What questions should I ask my doctor?

  • What’s the best treatment for my specific situation?
  • Is there anything else I should be doing to take care of my vascular condition?
  • Are there related conditions I should watch for with this vascular issue?

A note from Cleveland Clinic

(Video) Peripheral Vascular Disease(PVD): Causes, Signs & Symptoms, Diagnosis &Treatment

With vascular disease, the best thing you can do is stay vigilant. Don’t skip any medical checkups or medicine doses. Because some vascular issues run in families, sharing health information with your family can help them prevent and be on the lookout for vascular disease. Encourage your family to get their blood pressure and cholesterol checked since high levels put them at risk for vascular diseases.


What is the most common cause of vascular disease? ›

What causes peripheral vascular disease? The most common cause of PVD is atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque inside the artery wall. Plaque reduces the amount of blood flow to the limbs. It also decreases the oxygen and nutrients available to the tissue.

What types of vascular diseases are there? ›

Some of the more common types of vascular disease include:
  • Atherosclerosis. Commonly referred to as the hardening of the arteries. ...
  • Peripheral Artery Disease. ...
  • Carotid Artery Disease. ...
  • Pulmonary Embolism. ...
  • Collagen Vascular Disease. ...
  • Cerebrovascular Disease.

What is the treatment of vascular disease? ›

Types of treatments for vascular diseases include: Lifestyle changes, such as eating a heart-healthy diet and getting more exercise. Medicines, such as blood pressure medicines, blood thinners, cholesterol medicines, and clot-dissolving drugs.

Can vascular disease be cured? ›

There's no cure for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but lifestyle changes and medicine can help reduce the symptoms. These treatments can also help reduce your risk of developing other types of cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as: coronary heart disease. stroke.

How do you fix vascular problems in legs? ›

These include cholesterol medications, blood pressure medications, and blood thinners. Invasive surgeries can be used to repair damaged veins and arteries. Vascular surgery involves grafting a blood vessel from elsewhere in the body to the area affected by the disease.

Can vascular problems cause back pain? ›

Aortic thrombosis should be considered in patients who present with pain in the lumbar spine, hips, and lower limbs. This pain may be due to a vascular problem beyond the lumbar plexus.

How is vascular disease diagnosed? ›

Diagnosis of vascular disease

Your doctor will conduct a physical exam where they will monitor your blood pressure, pulse, and listen to your arteries. Your doctor will likely order a series of tests. The tests used to diagnose your condition will depend on your specific symptoms and health history.

What causes poor circulation in legs? ›

Plaque buildup, blood clots or narrowed blood vessels can lead to poor circulation. When obstacles or narrow paths slow down blood flow, it's difficult for your body to send blood to every part of your body in an efficient way. Exercise and healthy food can help.

Can you live with vascular disease? ›

You can still have a full, active lifestyle with peripheral artery disease, or PAD. The condition happens when plaque builds up in your arteries. This makes it harder for your arms, legs, head, and organs to get enough blood. Although it's serious and can sometimes be painful, there are lots of ways to slow it down.

What are the symptoms of vascular disease in legs? ›

Many people with peripheral artery disease have mild or no symptoms. Some people have leg pain when walking (claudication). Claudication symptoms include muscle pain or cramping in the legs or arms that begins during exercise and ends with rest. The pain is most commonly felt in the calf.

How serious is vascular disease? ›

Vascular diseases can lead to serious cardiovascular complications, such as blood clots, heart attack, and stroke. It is important that people learn to recognize the symptoms of vascular disease so they can seek timely and effective treatment.

What is the best medication for peripheral vascular disease? ›

Medications called statins are commonly prescribed for people with peripheral artery disease. Statins help lower bad cholesterol and reduce plaque buildup in the arteries. The drugs also lower the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

What does vascular disease feel like? ›

Vascular pain often feels like an uncomfortable heaviness or throbbing sensation. It can also feel like an aching sensation. It usually affects your legs and can be worse with walking or exerting yourself.

Does walking help vascular disease? ›

Walking is especially good for you

Several randomized clinical trials have shown that walking can make a real difference for people with peripheral artery disease, says Emile R. Mohler, III, MD, late Director of Vascular Medicine at Penn Medicine.

How can I treat vascular disease at home? ›

2 This may include the following lifestyle changes:
  1. Quitting smoking.
  2. Lowering blood pressure.
  3. Lowering cholesterol.
  4. Lowering blood sugar.
  5. Getting regular exercise.
Oct 28, 2021

What is life expectancy with vascular disease? ›

About a quarter of all deaths occurred before the age of 70. The median age at death was 76, and the median time to death 22 years. The proportion of deaths from vascular causes declined with age, ranging from 54% among those in their 50s to 45% among those aged ≥80.

What medication improves blood circulation? ›

Cilostazol improves the flow of blood through the blood vessels. It is used to reduce leg pain caused by poor circulation (intermittent claudication). Cilostazol makes it possible to walk farther before having to rest because of leg pain.

How can I check my leg blood flow at home? ›

Lie on your back on a bed and raise your legs 60 degrees, bend and extend your knees for about 30 seconds to 1 minute. The foot with poor blood flow may become pale or feel painful.

How do you test for vascular disease in the legs? ›

Segmental Doppler pressure testing checks different parts of your legs for narrowed or blocked arteries. This method is similar to ABI testing but uses blood pressure cuffs placed at thigh, calf, and ankle levels.

How does a person know if they have vascular inflammation? ›

Dizziness, ringing in the ears and abrupt hearing loss may occur. Eyes. Vasculitis can make your eyes look red and itch or burn. Giant cell arteritis can cause double vision and temporary or permanent blindness in one or both eyes.

Can vascular disease make you tired? ›

Peripheral vascular disorders are serious and potentially life-threatening disorders where the blood vessels outside of your heart and your brain grow narrow or spasm. This disease can affect your arteries or your veins. One of the symptoms is extreme fatigue and pain.

What does vascular inflammation feel like? ›

Vasculitis can have general symptoms like fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, and fatigue.

Can a blood test show vascular disease? ›

Although blood tests can catch potential health risks that could lead to PAD, they cannot diagnose vascular conditions by themselves. There is not a specific blood test for peripheral artery disease; however, cholesterol screenings and high blood sugar tests can help doctors predict if you are at an increased risk.

What blood tests are done for vascular disease? ›

Diagnosing vascular disease

Among the most common are: Ankle-brachial index test (ABI) for peripheral vascular disease – The ankle-brachial index is a non- invasive test performed using a Doppler machine to test for blood flow through the legs. The test compares blood pressure measurements in the ankle and the arm.

What tests do vascular doctors do? ›

Vascular studies are tests that check the blood flow in your arteries and veins. These tests are noninvasive. This means they don't use any needles. Vascular studies use high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to measure the amount of blood flow in your blood vessels.

What vitamins help circulation in legs? ›

Specifically, vitamin B3 has been shown to reduce inflammation and increase circulation. People who always have cold hands and feet may want to consider a vitamin B supplement to improve blood flow and heart health.

What kind of doctor treats poor circulation in legs? ›

A vascular doctor is an expert in diagnosing and treating issues that affect your arteries and veins. Although many people don't need surgery for their blood vessel problem, a vascular doctor can perform many kinds of procedures or operations.

Is poor circulation in legs serious? ›

When caught early, most conditions and diseases that lead to poor circulation can be treated. The most common conditions include obesity, diabetes, heart conditions and arterial issues. In fact, poor circulation can be a sneaky symptom of a serious vascular condition called Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD).

Does vascular disease cause death? ›

Cardiovascular disease – disorders of the heart or blood vessels – is the number one cause of death and disability among men and women in the United States. The statistics are staggering: 950,000 people die from cardiovascular disease each year.

Is vascular disease fatal? ›

Vascular disease occurs when an abnormal condition affects the blood vessels. This can often lead to severe disability and death.

What foods are good for vascular health? ›

Here are five foods that promote a healthy vascular system:
  • Salmon.
  • Olive Oil.
  • Oats.
  • Spinach.
  • Blueberries.

Is vascular disease in legs painful? ›

The pain can range from mild to severe, and usually goes away after a few minutes when you rest your legs. Both legs are often affected at the same time, although the pain may be worse in 1 leg. Other symptoms of PAD can include: hair loss on your legs and feet.

How do you reverse vascular disease? ›

A nutrition plan created by Dean Ornish, MD, has been shown in small studies to lower cholesterol and reverse CAD.
The American Heart Association recommends a diet that's rich in:
  1. Fruits and veggies.
  2. Whole grains.
  3. Low-fat dairy products.
  4. Skinless poultry and fish.
  5. Nuts and legumes.
  6. Non-tropical vegetable oils like olive oil.
Nov 2, 2021

When is vascular surgery necessary? ›

Deep Vein Thrombosis

To treat DVT, the doctor prescribes medication that can cause the clot to dissipate, so that it does not break loose from the vein and cause a fatal event, such as a pulmonary embolism. However, when medications (such as blood thinners) fail to dissipate the clot, vascular surgery is recommended.

Can vascular disease cause eye problems? ›

Visual acuity (the medical term for the sharpness of your eyesight) and peripheral vascular disease were linked. The odds for having poor vision were almost double in people who also had peripheral vascular disease, compared to those who did not have it.

What medications treat peripheral vascular disease? ›

  • Antiplatelet medicines, such as aspirin or clopidogrel, prevent blood clots from forming and narrowing the arteries even further. ...
  • Statins lower cholesterol and certain fats in the blood, and can slow the progression of plaque buildup in the arteries that is causing symptoms.
Mar 24, 2022

What vitamins help vascular health? ›

B-Complex Vitamins

B vitamins play lots of important roles in keeping you healthy, but for vein health specifically, focus on B6 and B12, which help prevent clotting problems. B3 is also important for reducing cholesterol while improving overall circulation.

Does drinking water make you less vascular? ›

How Does Drinking Water Help Keep Your Veins Healthy? Drinking plenty of water helps to improve your vein health in two ways: improving the overall circulation of the blood by thinning it and strengthening the muscles that support your veins.

What foods make you vascular? ›

  • Cayenne pepper. Cayenne pepper gets its spicy flavor from a phytochemical called capsaicin. ...
  • Pomegranate. Pomegranates are juicy, sweet fruits that are particularly high in polyphenol antioxidants and nitrates, which are potent vasodilators ( 9 , 10 ). ...
  • Onions. ...
  • Cinnamon. ...
  • Garlic. ...
  • Fatty fish. ...
  • Beets. ...
  • Turmeric.

What are early signs of vascular disease? ›

Peripheral Vascular Disease Symptoms
  • Buttock pain.
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs.
  • Burning or aching pain in the feet or toes while resting.
  • A sore on a leg or a foot that will not heal.
  • One or both legs or feet feeling cold or changing color (pale, bluish, dark reddish)
  • Loss of hair on the legs.
  • Impotence.
Nov 20, 2022

What are the main causes of unhealthy vascular health? ›

Lifestyle habits
  • Smoking or regularly breathing in secondhand smoke damages your blood vessels, raises your blood pressure, and causes unhealthy cholesterol levels. ...
  • Not getting enough physical activity can make other PAD risk factors worse.
  • Stress can make your arteries tighten and narrow.
Mar 24, 2022

Who gets vascular disease? ›

Vascular disease is any abnormal condition of the blood vessels (arteries and veins.) Vascular diseases outside the heart can “present” themselves anywhere. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) alone affects 8-12 million people in the US, affects women and men equally, and can occur in anyone at any time.

What age does vascular disease start? ›

Other risk factors

age – CVD is most common in people over 50 and your risk of developing it increases as you get older. gender – men are more likely to develop CVD at an earlier age than women. diet – an unhealthy diet can lead to high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

How do you test for vascular disease? ›

If you doctor suspects vascular disease, he or she may order non-invasive vascular testing. These are simple and painless tests using ultrasound to determine the presence, location, and severity of vascular disease.

Can stress cause vascular problems? ›

Several epidemiological studies have shown that chronic stress is an independent risk factor for the development of vascular disease and for increased morbidity and mortality in patients with pre-existing coronary artery disease.

What type of doctor treats vascular problems? ›

Since vascular disease is a relatively common problem, there are many physicians who treat vascular disease. These include family practitioners and general internists, cardiologists, neurologists, nephrologists, radiologists and vascular surgeons.

How long do you live with vascular? ›

On average, people with vascular dementia live for around five years after symptoms begin, less than the average for Alzheimer's disease.

Is walking good for vascular disease? ›

Walking is especially good for you

Several randomized clinical trials have shown that walking can make a real difference for people with peripheral artery disease, says Emile R. Mohler, III, MD, late Director of Vascular Medicine at Penn Medicine.

Who is at high risk for vascular disease? ›

Risk Factors

“If you have diabetes, emphysema, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, obesity or high blood pressure, you are more likely to damage your blood vessels.” A sedentary lifestyle and smoking habit also increase risks.


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Author: Barbera Armstrong

Last Updated: 02/17/2023

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Name: Barbera Armstrong

Birthday: 1992-09-12

Address: Suite 993 99852 Daugherty Causeway, Ritchiehaven, VT 49630

Phone: +5026838435397

Job: National Engineer

Hobby: Listening to music, Board games, Photography, Ice skating, LARPing, Kite flying, Rugby

Introduction: My name is Barbera Armstrong, I am a lovely, delightful, cooperative, funny, enchanting, vivacious, tender person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.